Darning is traditionally used hand stitches to repair holes or tears on fabric when not close to the seams. Darning is sewn in such a way that you are “replacing” the damaged fibres with new fibres by stitch backward and forward and then left and right.
Types of Presser Feet
Back in the day sewing machines would come with one presser foot that would do the one stitch; the straight stitch. The introduction of varying width stitches allowed sewers to complete tasks that would have been previously difficult or impossible. As more and more people began using these newer features, the greater the need came for specialised presser feet. These specialised feet would allow tasks to be completed much more easily than a standard presser foot; essentially creating more precise and impressive effects in far less time.
You may have an older sewing machines that has a screw to remove the presser feet. You simply need to unwind the screw and remove the presser foot in order to change it.
Newer sewing machines have snap-on presser feet, allowing you to much more quickly change the feet by simply pressing a trigger and lifting the presser foot lever. Newer snap-on presser lever’s may also include a screw; these are used in the case of larger presser feet, like the ruffler, that is too large to be connected normally.
Both screw and snap on presser feet are fairly easy and straightforward to use.
This course will introduce you to the many types of presser feet on the market today.
Coming feature: video guides on how to use each presser foot.
For each presser foot you will learn:
- What they look like, and
- When is the best time to use them.
Important To Note
Check your manual or manufacturer to know whether you machine is compatible with any interesting presser feet; unfortunately not all feet are available for all machines.
There are times when you want to hide stitches around the seams - a great example being when one quilts, occasionally you want the design to be a focus point rather than any top-stitching.
Take a look at the in-seams of your jeans (and possible the out-seam). Those two parallel top-stitched lines are holding a fell seam in place. A felled seam is incredibly popular seam; it neatly hides raw edges whilst reducing bulk.
If used correctly, embellishments can make a simple garment appear spectacular.
The cording foot can be used to attach strings (usually embroidery cord) either one at a time or several at once to your fabric. The benefit of attaching more than one cord at a time is that they are sewn perfectly parallel to each other.
The buttonhole foot can be a life saver; its so much easier and faster to sew buttonholes with this presser foot than by hand. Luckily many newer sewing machines include it as an accessory as standard.
A binding foot can is also often referred to as a Taping Foot.
Depending upon your project you may be interested in finishing your raw edges with bias tape. In many situations you can purchase pre-made bias tape, or with the hop of a binding foot you can easily make and sew your own.
High quality clothing often have invisible stitches on seams. Unwanted stitching lines draw the eye, and in the case of hems it can be undesired. In this situation you may choose to use a blind hem, in which case a blind hem foot will come in handy.
Although many will consider it unnecessary, a button fitting foot is designed specifically to hold a button so that you can sew buttons onto a garment.
A traditional seam allowance is 5/8 of an inch, but not all seams are that size. A 1/4 inch presser foot works perfectly when needing to sew sheer fabrics, such as chiffon or silk, or bulky material.